maggot farming

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MAGGOT
PRODUCTION
A COMPLETE
GUIDE ON HOW
TO START
MAGGOT
FARMING
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Table of Contents
Chapter one: Introduction to Maggot farming … 4
Chapter two: Maggot Nutrient……………………… 7
Chapter three: Uses of Maggot …………………….. 8
Chapter four: How to Start Producing Maggot … 9
Select Location………………………………………… 9
Construct Your Housing ………………………….. 10
Collect Your Raw Materials……………………… 11
Production Process………………………………… 11
Feeding………………………………………………… 12
Chapter five: Harvesting ……………………………. 14
Chapter six: Storage………………………………….. 15
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Chapter one: Introduction to
Maggot farming
Maggot farming has become a rising aspect
of farming because of its immerse benefit
to livestock and crop farmers all over the
world. Some decades ago, if someone had
told you that those maggots can be raised
to make money, I wouldn’t believe that
myself.
But here we are, Maggot is turning broke
people to millionaire farmers. Don’t let the
sight fool you, millions are staring at you in
the form of nature’s amazing maggots.
They are your usual housefly larva, easy to
feed and manage with less input.
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Most livestock farmers like fish and poultry
now purchase a large number of maggots
either dry or fresh and add them to their
livestock feed or feed them directly to the
animals. Maggot is a major source of
protein and other natural nutrients that
animals need to perform their daily
activities.
Maggot farming currently not too
competitive like sago worm because most
people are not aware that its possible to
farm Maggots and make money from it,
talk more about making millions. The truth
is that it is possible if you do it correctly.
This is the right time to venture into this
business and build a sustainable brand.
You must have become a household name
before people start flooding the business.
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Now that your heart tells you to start, let’s
talk about all you need to start.
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Chapter two: Maggot Nutrient
The following are the nutrients in maggot;
1. Protein
2. Lysine
3. Calcium
4. Potassium
5. Phosphorus
6. Magnesium
7. Copper
8. Zinc
9. Fatty Acid
10. Amino Acids
11. Iron
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Chapter three: Uses of Maggot
Below are the uses of Maggot;
1. Maggot is an alternative to feed fish
2. It is use to feed various poultry like
chicken, turkey and duck
3. Maggot also serves as an excellent
replacement for fishmeal in feed
production.
4. It is a potential solution to waste
management on the farm because
the waste is the raw material to
produce maggots.
5. Maggot provides fertilizer for crop
production.
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Chapter four: How to Start
Producing Maggot
Select Location
Select a location with vegetations like
trees and leaves so that they can help to
absorb the odour from your pen. Check for
termites and other predators that can feed
on your maggot and installed protective
measures.
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Construct Your Housing
Construct housing to suit your space and
scale of production. You can construct a
small open house with a roof. The floor of
the pen house should be floored with
concrete.
You can start by using plastic drums as
substrate drum and collecting drum.
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Construct drainage around the pen house
to prevent termites, lizard and rats from
accessing your pen and causing damage.
Collect Your Raw Materials
Poultry dropping is the most popular raw
material for maggot production. You can
get poultry dropping from poultry farmers
within your location for a small fee.
Introduce the dropping and fly attractant
into the substract tank after collection.
Rotten fruits and food is also a good
alternative to poultry dropping and they
are excellent attractant.
Production Process
Here is how the magic happens!
1. Adult female flies lay up to 2500 eggs
under controlled condition.
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2. They lay their eggs on the substrate
(Poultry Dropping)
3. The eggs hatch after 8 to 12 hours.
4. The larval stage lasts about 5 days
while the pupal stage for 4 to 5 days.
5. The housefly has 6 days cycle under
controlled conditions.
6. Water the substrate daily to increase
production.
7. Maggot is ready to harvest within 4-
5days.
Feeding
1. The adult fly feeds mainly on
decaying organic matter.
2. Maggots feed for 4-5 days and then
migrate to pupate in a dry place.
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3. The flies mate and lay eggs between
feeding periods.
4. 450 grams of fresh manure can feed
1500 maggots.
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Chapter five: Harvesting
You can harvest maggot with three
different methods;
1. The flotation method where the
manure is mixed with water and the
larvae and pupae float out to be
collected with a sieve.
2. The screening method where the
manure is spread in a thin layer on a
sieve (3 mm) placed over a basin
under sunlight: the larvae try to
escape the light by passing through
the screen and fall into the basin.
3. The self-collect method is where the
larva is trapped by collecting tanks
when the larva is trying to escape.
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Chapter six: Storage
You can store your harvested maggot by
washing and parboiling the maggots to
remove and kill pathogens. Dry them
using either the sun or the oven. After
drying, put them in airtight containers
and store in a dry place.

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